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Today we have hundreds of different jewels to choose from when designing an engagement ring, or a neck piece or even a simple pair of earrings. There are however a few gemstones that have been set apart for their sheer beauty and worth. In this article, we have listed out the most precious jewels in existence today.
Diamonds are by far the most popular gemstone known to mankind today. Being the hardest element on earth, diamonds can be used in jewellery and preserved for decades without a single scratch on them. The diamond itself is derived from the Greek word “Adamus” which translates to invincible. The only element that can cause damage to a diamond is perhaps another diamond. The gemstone is comprised of pure carbon that is arranged in a diamond lattice which is the reason for its strength and durability. They are generally found in cooled kimberlites which take millions of years to form. Diamonds are the birthstone for the month of April
Known for their stunning green colour, emeralds are a gemstone from the family of Beryl. Emeralds are extremely fragile and its brittle exterior makes it very hard to form and shape. The earliest emeralds can be dated back to the times of Cleopatra who adored and collected them for her personal stack of jewellery. The Egyptians mined them as early as 2000 BC. The Royals from India too loved the gem so much; they had words inscribed on it to protect them from evil. Today the largest amount of Emeralds is found in Brazil, Cambodia and Zambia. They are the birthstone for the month of May.
Their rich red colour has made rubies another favourite choice when it comes to wedding jewellery with brides dressed in gold or red favouring the red stone as a centrepiece adding to the beauty of their clothes. Rubies, like sapphires, are from the family of corundum which in its unadulterated form is generally colourless. It is the presence of chromium that gives rubies its brilliant red colour. The stone is right next to diamonds when it comes to hardness and strength and is hence very durable. It has been favoured by cultures around the world as a symbol of love, passion and a sign of good luck. Rubies are the birthstone for the month of July.
Sapphires are a beautiful deep aquamarine colour that has been adored by royalty for thousands of years. They generally come in all colours of the rainbow, including pink, white, yellow etc. There are however no red sapphires for these are what we call rubies. They have the same physical and chemical properties as sapphires but are not included in the same category. The blue sapphire is much more popular than any of the others which are generally termed ‘fancy sapphire’. The gorgeous blue colour of the gem has been said to represent peace and serenity and to ward off any evil. Sapphires have been mined all over Africa and Asia but can also be found in the US, Australia etc. It is the birthstone for the month of September.
The biggest trick that the devil pulled is that he convinced people he didn’t exist. Diamond merchants pulled a greater trick in the 1900s. Diamond was never equated to proposals before that time period. But mine owners and diamond merchants completely changed the landscape of marriage proposals by equating love with diamonds. Love is one of the strongest emotions that people equate to; it is a gush of joy that people want to feel at some point in life. A marketing campaign like no other was rolled out, and its effects are seen to this day. Have you ever sat back and wondered why people propose with a diamond ring and not say a jade necklace? Well, we have got the answer for you.
Unlike what people tend to believe; diamond is quite abundantly found when compared to other gemstones. Diamond is never too costly, but it is priced at a premium range. If diamond merchants flooded the markets with diamond post its discovery then neither would diamond be equated with such a high value nor would it be in such high demand. There are a number of facets to go over when it comes to why the diamond has so many emotional attachments present around it. The first most important decision that was taken was to make sure that the market always presented a demand for diamonds; as long as the demand existed, the merchants had more than enough diamonds to ensure that a supply line existed.
The second point to be noted was to create a demand, but the question then arose on how to set up demand. The time when the marketing campaign rolled out was when a lot of talk was happening around association and conditioning and how it affected human thinking. Diamond merchants realised that unless a strong association were to be created between diamonds and buyers, the growth would not be sustained. Cue the proposal campaign; the proposal campaign was a huge hit, and to this day people propose to one another by buying the other person a ring with a diamond embedded in it. It was a masterstroke and a decision that has not only influenced diamond sales but one that has dramatically altered jewellery sales altogether. The fact that you don’t go ahead and buy a jade ring is because you have been conditioned to equate marriage proposal with diamonds. At the end of the day, the true winners are those who still control public opinion on how we should proclaim love.
Sitting in school and your science teacher starts the lecture on Diamonds. We are pretty sure your teacher said something like “Diamonds are pressurised coal”. The truth of the matter is that no one clearly knows how diamonds are formed. Diamonds are a carbon-based compound that is formed deep within the earth’s layer under extreme pressure. After formation, they reach the earth’s surface through pipes. Think of it as the most efficient factory that churns out diamonds on a regular basis. But when scientist try to manufacture synthetic diamonds; the biggest hurdle that they come across is that under high pressure, coal turns into a poor man’s diamond. So the claim that diamonds are pressurised coal is not valid. To be exact; researchers are still trying to unravel the mystery of diamond production. On that note; let’s look some more interesting facts about the diamond.
Diamonds are considered to be rare, but the argument holds no weight if you think about it. Almost every person you know has at least one diamond with them in some form or another. Naturally occurring gemstones are considered to be rare due to the time it takes for them to be formed. But under the category of naturally occurring gemstones; diamond is not one of the rarest and it is considered to be a common gemstone in comparison with the other gemstones.
2. The Difference
Diamonds are the hardest naturally occurring substance in the world. If handled carefully, they can last for centuries. But as humans, we rarely handle anything carefully. And that throws the whole diamond is indestructible thing into the dustbin. People fail to understand the big difference between hardness and toughness. An extremely tough material can be considered indestructible, but diamonds are prone to breakage and can even result in chips and cracks. So if the diamond is taken care of properly, it can retain its beauty for decades or even centuries.
3. Big doesn’t mean better
What people fail to realise is that size doesn’t really matter. There is a misconception that bigger the diamond; higher the value. But a diamond’s value is not measured on the size, but on other important criteria such as cut, clarity and colour. A large diamond most likely wouldn’t satisfy these criteria thus leading to many experts suggesting that smaller diamonds are a lot more precious in terms of value.
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