Today we have hundreds of different jewels to choose from when designing an engagement ring, or a neck piece or even a simple pair of earrings. There are however a few gemstones that have been set apart for their sheer beauty and worth. In this article, we have listed out the most precious jewels in existence today.
Diamonds are by far the most popular gemstone known to mankind today. Being the hardest element on earth, diamonds can be used in jewellery and preserved for decades without a single scratch on them. The diamond itself is derived from the Greek word “Adamus” which translates to invincible. The only element that can cause damage to a diamond is perhaps another diamond. The gemstone is comprised of pure carbon that is arranged in a diamond lattice which is the reason for its strength and durability. They are generally found in cooled kimberlites which take millions of years to form. Diamonds are the birthstone for the month of April
Known for their stunning green colour, emeralds are a gemstone from the family of Beryl. Emeralds are extremely fragile and its brittle exterior makes it very hard to form and shape. The earliest emeralds can be dated back to the times of Cleopatra who adored and collected them for her personal stack of jewellery. The Egyptians mined them as early as 2000 BC. The Royals from India too loved the gem so much; they had words inscribed on it to protect them from evil. Today the largest amount of Emeralds is found in Brazil, Cambodia and Zambia. They are the birthstone for the month of May.
Their rich red colour has made rubies another favourite choice when it comes to wedding jewellery with brides dressed in gold or red favouring the red stone as a centrepiece adding to the beauty of their clothes. Rubies, like sapphires, are from the family of corundum which in its unadulterated form is generally colourless. It is the presence of chromium that gives rubies its brilliant red colour. The stone is right next to diamonds when it comes to hardness and strength and is hence very durable. It has been favoured by cultures around the world as a symbol of love, passion and a sign of good luck. Rubies are the birthstone for the month of July.
Sapphires are a beautiful deep aquamarine colour that has been adored by royalty for thousands of years. They generally come in all colours of the rainbow, including pink, white, yellow etc. There are however no red sapphires for these are what we call rubies. They have the same physical and chemical properties as sapphires but are not included in the same category. The blue sapphire is much more popular than any of the others which are generally termed ‘fancy sapphire’. The gorgeous blue colour of the gem has been said to represent peace and serenity and to ward off any evil. Sapphires have been mined all over Africa and Asia but can also be found in the US, Australia etc. It is the birthstone for the month of September.